What Your Doctor Needs for a Cancer Screening

Woman with cancer patient friendAnyone in the medical profession knows the importance of tools that can help physicians diagnose a disease or an illness. One of these is the medical speculum. This tool is used for vaginal, rectal, nasal, or mouth examinations, with the speculum changing in size depending on the area for examination. Some hospitals have started using disposable specula for hygiene purposes.

A speculum helps physicians during medical screenings. It is often used to perform medical examinations for two kinds of dangerous cancers: cervical cancer and colon cancer.

Cervical screening

A speculum is used for cervical cancer screenings. The speculum is used to open the vagina to allow the gynaecologist to scrape a sample from the patient’s cervix. In such a screening, the speculum is lubricated and slowly inserted with the tip at a 45-degree angle.

Colorectal cancer

A speculum is also used to detect colorectal cancer, also referred as colon, rectal, or bowel cancer. A rectal speculum is inserted into the patient’s rectum. It is used to keep it open to help the doctor perform surgery. The rectal speculum is a tube and several blades that push the wall of the patient’s rectum to check for tumours, haemorrhoids, or fissures. Using a disposable speculum lessens the physician’s preparation time and makes the examination more hygienic.

Medical devices help doctors and patients

These devices help physicians understand a patient’s illness and allow them to give an accurate diagnosis. For specialists like gynaecologists and oncologists, these tools all help in finding accurate results in a physical exam.

The next time you go for an examination, know that an accurate diagnosis is only as good as your physician and the equipment they use. Talk with your specialist and discuss the exam so you will be more prepared for the process.