Eating disorders, much like any other mental disorders, stem from a number of causes. It could be a product of their genetics, wherein they are more susceptible to eating disorders than others. It could also be from psychological issues such as depression and anxiety. Some are brought about by societal causes, such as unrealistic expectations to achieve success or beauty standards.
Anorexia and Bulimia
Most cases of eating disorders fall under anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. These disorders are characterized by intense emotion, behavior, and attitude towards food and weight.
There are a lot of overlapping symptoms between anorexia and bulimia such as inadequate food intake, a distorted body image, incredibly low self-esteem, and even social withdrawal.
Because these disorders are behavioral deviances about one’s metabolism, it could so easily be damaging to the person’s physical and mental state if left untreated. People who suffer from these disorders are 18 times more likely to die even before their disorder is properly treated, which is why it is very important that they get the appropriate help.
The most important thing that everyone has to understand is that eating disorders are treatable. There are several treatment options available, depending on the person’s exact needs.
One example is psychotherapy. This involves a consultation with a psychologist, and the patient’s thoughts, emotions, behavior, motivations, and relationships are analyzed. For adolescents, the common type of treatment for eating disorder is the family approach, cites the Eating Disorder Center of Denver. Aside from offering emotional support for the patient, the relatives are also educated about these disorders, so that they can provide the appropriate care.
Lastly, nutritional approaches are also available. This makes sure that the person with an eating disorder receives the proper amount of vitamins and minerals and re-learns normal eating habits.
Whatever the cause, it is important that people suffering from eating disorders are given the chance to recover from their illness. Treatment varies from person to person, and a combination of these options could also work as treatment. The best course of action is to discuss it with a healthcare professional so that the person with an eating disorder can start receiving the appropriate care.