Know More About Skin Allergies: Its Types and Treatment

Doctor Checking Patient's SkinRed patches or rashes on skin accompanied by itching may be symptoms of skin allergy. A skin allergy often goes away without treatment, but if the symptoms remain for several days, then it could be time to see a dermatologist for proper treatment.

Types of Skin Allergies

There are several types of skin allergies and knowing the type of allergy you have is essential for proper treatment.

Eczema

Eczema is characterized by dry and irritated skin accompanied by redness and itching. Infected eczema may develop small bumps that excrete a yellowish fluid. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema, which affects about 20% of children and 3% of adults according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. Unlike hives or contact dermatitis, eczema is a chronic allergic reaction.

Contact Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis occurs when an allergen comes in contact with your skin. It is normal for symptoms not to show immediately after contact but normally, between one and three days. The symptoms of contact dermatitis may include rashes, itching, a burning sensation, swelling and redness of the skin, which appear on the site where the allergen touched the skin.

Hives

Hives are an allergic reaction that occurs immediately after the skin has been directly exposed to an allergen. The symptoms do not last long and often go away on their own. Hives appear as red itchy bumps that turn white when pressed in the center.

Treatment of Skin Allergies

As there are roughly 3,700 kinds of allergens, it is important to know what triggers the allergic reaction for the patient to be able to avoid it. Brian J. Williams, M.D. explains that a dermatologist in Salt Lake City (or anywhere in the state for that matter) may perform skin patch tests to find out the cause of the reaction. In the meantime, the patient may take antihistamines to relieve all sorts of symptoms. Over-the-counter topical creams and ointments may also be applied to the affected area for relief.

Keeping the skin clean and moisturized regularly will also help reduce the symptoms of skin allergies. Additionally, avoid clothes made of wool and other itchy fabrics.

There are thousands of allergens that cause allergic reactions. The best way to treat skin allergies is by proper identification of the cause, good hygiene, and following your dermatologist’s advice.